What is Schizophrenia?
Schizophrenia, history It is a brain disease based on the 4th century. The incidence in the community is between 0.8% and 1%. The age of onset of the disease is usually 18-35 years, as well as before or after.
Schizophrenia is caused by a disorder in the transmission of chemical substances in the brain and some differences in brain structure. The emergence of these changes influences the individual’s ability to control their emotions, to think clearly, to be able to judge, to evaluate the truth, and to communicate. The illness is manifested when imagination, speech, and behavior disorders are seen.
What are the Reasons for Schizophrenia?
Although the cause of this change in brain structure, which uncovered the disease, is not known precisely; it is known that genetic traits play an important role in the emergence of biochemical, psychological, social and environmental factors. Some differences in the brain have also been noted in brain imaging methods performed with schizophrenia patients. In these studies, it was noted that some parts of the brain were small and the spaces were wide. For this reason, it is known that patients with schizophrenia have difficulties in making plans, making decisions, and problem-solving skills. In addition, inherited factors are among the reasons. One out of every 10 schizophrenic patients, first-degree close relatives, can also have this disease.
Diagnosis of Schizophrenia
The diagnosis of schizophrenia is made by psychiatric specialists after the person’s mental health and family history are examined in detail. Early diagnosis and treatment of schizophrenia is of great importance. The sooner the schizophrenia is noticed after it starts to develop, and if the treatment is entered into the process, the indication of the disease can also be controlled so effectively.