In accordance with scientific and technological developments, the practices of nursing profession are constantly developing and changing. Prior to the 1950s, professional practices focused solely on patient care were directed towards communicating with psychiatric patients with somatic therapies in the following years. The role of the nurses is to develop interpersonal communication techniques and clinical expertise by starting to use the nursing process have shifted towards comprehensive roles as needed.
The roles of psychiatric nursing have shifted towards therapists, counselors, educators, consultants, researchers, managers, advocates of individual rights, contributing to the development and rehabilitative roles. Implementation standards have been developed to determine the level of psychiatric nursing practice and to make nursing functions clearer. The social dimension of the psychiatry becomes more important and the therapeutic environment of the hospital environment is regulated with the view that the emphasis is on the individual’s health-necessity has arisen. Patients’ rights come to the agenda and patients are active during treatment It has come. This led to a period of participatory and therapeutic relationship in which the patient took responsibility for care.
It is defined as ‘a person-to-person process in which a professional nurse helps individuals, families and communities to develop mental health, prevent or cope with the mental illness and suffering experience and, if necessary, find meaning in these lives’.
The main philosophy of psychiatric nursing practice
- Every individual is valuable, wants to improve himself and be healthy.
- All people should have equal rights and rights.
- Each individual has the potential to change.
- Individual development and change can increase the potential of the individual.
- Every individual is biopsychosocial. The problem that arises in any of these areas also affects others.
- Nursing care should be based on individual, family and community needs.
- Every behavior that an individual has has a meaning.
- The individual has the power to cope with problems. Illness is an opportunity for individual development.
- The individual has the power to decide and apply. Can participate in decisions about care.
- Mental health services are a vital part of health services.
In psychiatric nursing;
psycho-social, biophysical sciences, behavioral theory and ideas, personality theories, and the importance of mental health at the community and individual levels. With this scientific framework, the theoretical knowledge of psychiatric nursing use research findings in practice, guide professional practice standards, define the position within the psychiatric team, and maintain efforts to develop roles. Psychiatry should follow innovations in the field of nursing and develop oneself from a professional point of view.