Both bipolar and schizophrenia refer to serious forms of mental disorders that very commonly affect individuals. However, symptoms of both being very close a comparison between bipolar disorder and schizophrenia needs to be done hence.
A person affected with bipolar disorder tends to be affected with extremes of mood swings where sometimes he may be excessively excited and energetic, and on other occasions may be drawn into negativity and depression. In schizophrenia however, the symptoms are more severe as in dealing with day to day activities gets difficult. A schizophrenic person strays into imaginative situations through hallucinations and delusions. He moves away from reality into imagining things that are not real and even suffer from disorganized thoughts. Bipolar disorder however is more common compared to schizophrenia in the US.
Both the diseases are difficult to detect with the help of any medical test but requires careful observation of behavioural patterns by family members and medical practitioners. More often than not, these mental disorders take time to be diagnosed as people tend to ignore the symptoms until the patients get to the extremes of disorganised behaviour, non-coherent talks and depression to the extent of harming themselves or others. Both types of disorders however can be treated effectively by counselling and proper medical therapy.